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Glossary of Terms
A
Access
Act of God
Ampere
Anchor bolt or foundation bolt
Asphalt felt
Asphalt Shingles

B
Back-fill
Backset
Backsplash
Balcony
Balloon framing
Board Foot
Box Out
Bridging
British Thermal Width (BTU)
Building Permit
Builder Warranty
Butt Hinge

C
Cantilever
Carpet Backing
Carpet Density
Casing
Cornice
Chair Rail
Chord
Circuit Breaker
Closing Stile
Coat Nail
Coaxial Cable
Cold Air Return
Column
Column Baseplate
Common Joist
Composite Board
Continuous Footing
Corbel
Corner Board
Cripple
Crown

D
Damp proofing
Dead Air Space
Deadbolt
Dehumidifier
Dentils
Dimmer Switch
Door head
Door jamb
Door rail
Door stile
Door stop
Dormer
Double Header
Dovetail
Dowel
Downspout
Draft
Draft Stop
Drip Cap
Drip Edge
Duct

E
Easement
Eaves
Edge Moulding
Elevation

F
Face Brick
Fascia
Fiberglass
Finish builders hardware
Fire rated system
Fixed transom
Flashing
Floor Joists
Floor Plan
Floor underlayment
Flue
Forced Air Furnace

G
Glazed Tile
Good on one side (GIS)
Good on two sides(G2S)
Grade Beam
Green Board

H
Half-round
Hearth
Holdback

I
I-Beam

J
Jack Truss
Jamb
Joist

L
Lattice

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


A

Access
The right to enter or leave property. Local governments can impose limitations to this access.


Act of God
Any act of nature such as fire, rain, snow storms, earthquakes, etc. Many insurance policies may not cover these occurrences. Adjacent land: Land lying close to or near another parcel of land, even though the land parcels may not be actually touching. This should not be confused with adjoining land, where the parcels do touch each other.


Ampere
A unit or measure of a current of electricity. The amount one volt can send through one ohm of resistance.


Anchor bolt or foundation bolt
A threaded bolt usually embedded into the foundation to hold prefabricated concrete stairs and framed walls.


Asphalt felt
Felt impregnated with asphalt and used as sheathing for the roof, under the asphalt shingles.


Asphalt Shingles
Roofing felt saturated with asphalt and coated on the weather side with a harder asphalt and aggregate particles - cut into shingles.


B

Back-fill
Soil and other excavated material refilled around a newly built foundation wall.


Backset
The offset from the front of the garage to the front of the street or from the front of the house to the front of the curb. The distance is normally dictated by local city by-laws.


Backsplash
A protective panel, apron or tiles positioned on a wall behind sinks in the kitchen and bathrooms.


Balcony
A platform which protrudes from a building can be cantilevered or supported from below.


Balloon framing
A style of wood framing in which the vertical structures ( the studs & posts) are a continuous piece from the sill to the roof plate.


Board Foot
The basic measurement of lumber. One board foot is a piece of lumber that is 1 inch thick, 12 inches wide and 12 inches long. Board feet are calculated for approximate sizing.


Box Out
To make a form that will create a void (hollow space) in a concrete wall or slab where concrete has been placed. The term applies also to framing windows where they are boxed out by cantilevering.


Bridging
A system of lateral braces placed between joists to properly distribute the load and keep the joists in place.


British Thermal Width (BTU)
A standard measurement of heat/energy which will raise the temperature of one pound of water to one degree Fahrenheit.


Building Permit
Permits are written permission from a municipality, city, or county that must be obtained by a builder prior to beginning construction. This permit ensures inspections by civic inspectors during the various stages of construction.


Building Codes
Building codes are regulations, established by provincial and local governments, which describe the minimum structural requirements for any building.


Builder Warranty
A guarantee offered by the builder on the quality of the construction of a building and is backed by the warranty program the builder is a member of (i.e. National Home Warranty Programs Ltd.)


Butt Hinge
A common hinge having 2 plates of the hinge connected by means of a removable or fixed pin through knuckles.


C

Cantilever
A timber joist, beam or supporting member which projects beyond it's support at one end.


Carpet Backing
The base material on the back of a carpet that is usually made of cotton, jute, carpet rayon or nylon and may also have a latex coating.


Carpet Density

The number of strands of pile, or rows of tuft, for the length of a carpet.

Casing
The exposed trim molding or lining surrounding windows and doors - this term is also used to describe the pipe liner of a hole in the ground (as for a pile)


Cornice
A horizontal piece of wood attached to the ceiling or wall which enhances the height and depth of the ceiling.


Chair Rail
A horizontal piece of wood attached to walls to prevent damage from chair backs.


Chord
The top or bottom members of a truss typically horizontal, as distinguished from the web members.


Circuit Breaker
An electrical device for discontinuing current flow during electrical current overloads or other abnormal conditions. By resetting a switch, a circuit breaker becomes re-useable, unlike a fuse.


Closing Stile
The vertical side of a door or casement sash that sits against the frame or jamb when the door is closed.


Coat Nail
A nail coated with zinc, copper or enamel.


Coaxial Cable
A cable used to transmit telephone, television and computer signals. This cable is insulated for separation from contact with the tube.


Cold Air Return
The duct work that returns the cold air back into the heating system for re-circulation.


Column
A type of supporting pillar that is long and slender.


Column Baseplate
A bearing plate beneath a column that distributes the load coming down the column over a wider area.


Common Joist
One of a series of parallel beams laid on edge to support a floor or ceiling.


Composite Board
A fabricated board that can be manufactured from many different materials. Primarily used as a sheathing material for walls, floors, roofing and even as insulation.


Continuous Footing
Concrete footing which supports a concrete wall. The width and depth of the footing may vary according to load and soil conditions.


Corbel
A decorative ledge used in masonry or framing that projects beyond a wall and is used to support something.


Corner Board
The vertical boards that are butted together to form the outside corner of a wood frame building. The siding will butt up against it.


Cripple
In construction framing, pieces of lumber that are less than full length and used, for example, above a door or below a window.


Crown
An ornamental architectural topping - for example on kitchen cabinets used as a crown molding. The center top section of an arch is also called a "crown."


D

Damp proofing
Asphalt treatment done to the surface of a concrete or masonry wall to prevent absorption or passage of moisture. Damp proofing can also be achieved by adding a mixture into the concrete mix.


Dead Air Space
Air space between structural elements. This space is not ventilated and is used for thermal and sound insulation.


Deadbolt
The bolt is a type of door lock that cam be moved in both directions by turning the key or thumb bolt.


Dehumidifier
A device to remove water vapor from the air.


Dentils
Square tooth-like blocks used as ornaments under a cornice.


Dimmer Switch
A switch that varies the flow of current and intensity of light from bright to low.


Door head
The horizontal upper member of a door frame, a lintel.


Door jamb
The vertical member on each side of a door frame.


Door rail
Any of the horizontal members that connect the stiles of a door. In a flush door, the members are hidden. In a panel door, the members are exposed.


Door stile
The outside, upright members of a door.


Door stop
The strip on the door frame against which the door closes.


Dormer
A structure that protrudes from a sloped roof and usually holds a window.


Double Header
Nailing two pieces of lumber and thus strengthening a header joist for an opening.


Dovetail
An interlocking joint shaped like a dove's tail - a term used in finishing carpentry.


Dowel
A cylindrical piece of stock inserted into holes adjacent to pieces of material at a joint. The stock serves to align and/or attach the two pieces.


Downspout
A vertical pipe used to carry rainwater from the roof to the ground.


Draft
The drawing-power of air and gasses through a chimney flue.


Draft Stop
A fillet, a bead, or strip of rubber on a window sill that permits ventilation but prevents the cold air from entering the building.


Drip Cap
A horizontal molding placed over exterior doors or window frames to divert rainwater.


Drip Edge
The edge of a roof which protrudes into the eaves-trough. This is usually a metal strip that stiffens and protects this edge.


Duct
In the heating system the conduit used to distribute the air. It can also refer to a hole through which cable is drawn.


E

Easement
A right given to a third party to use a portion of property for certain purposes such as gas & water mains or power lines.


Eaves
Portions of the roof that project beyond the outside walls of a house. The bottom edges of a sloping roof.


Edge Moulding
Any moulding along the edge of a relatively thin piece of wood such as a door or a counter.


Elevation
The exterior face of a home including depictions of materials such as stone or brick used on the face. At Silver Crest Homes, normally you are able to choose from 2-3 elevations for each house in order that the house you choose will not be the same as your neighbors. (Architectural restrictions may apply in some sub-divisions)


F

Face Brick
Brick that is intended for use on the exposed area of a masonry wall. This brick is manufactured to offer a wide range of colors and textures.


Fascia
A board used on the outside vertical face of a cornice, or a board connecting the top of the siding with the bottom of a soffit, and lastly, a board nailed across the ends of rafters at the eaves.


Fiberglass
A thermal insulation formed by pulling molten glass into random lengths either as continuous threads or a wool-like mass.


Finish builders hardware
Items such as locks, knobs, hinges, towel rails etc.


Fire rated system
The specific materials used during construction on a wall, floor, or roof and rated for conformance to fire safety criteria such as the flame spread rate.


Fixed transom
A glass light or panel that is built over a window or door and cannot be opened.


Flashing
A thin sheet of material used in construction normally found on roof hips and valleys, roof penetrations, and joints between the roof and a vertical wall. This sheet directs the flow of water and moisture away from potential locations where water & moisture may enter.


Floor Joists
Any light beam that supports a floor.


Floor Plan
An architectural drawing showing the over-all layout of a house, the size and shape of each room with optional configurations. Silver Crest Homes offers several plans to choose from. (i.e. 2 storey homes/ bungalows/bi-levels)


Floor underlayment
Particle board, plywood, U-lay sheets or similar products used on a sub-floor to provide a smooth surface on which to lay the finish floor.


Flue
A non-combustible and heat resistant passage in a chimney used to convey products of combustion from the flue place, the hot water tank or the furnace to the outside.


Forced Air Furnace
A warm air furnace fitted with a blower. A forced air furnace heats the house by moving heated air through the duct-work and the furnace.


G

Glazed Tile
A glossy finish given to ceramic or masonry to make it impervious to any damaging materials they may come in contact with.


Good on one side (GIS)
A grade of sanded plywood with a higher grade of veneer on the face rather than on the back.


Good on two sides(G2S)
The highest grade of sanded plywood. G2S is used where the appearance of both sides is important.


Grade Beam
A horizontal end supported (as opposed to ground supported) load bearing foundation member that supports an exterior wall of a structure.


Green Board
Gypsum board used in areas where it is often damp (such as bathrooms)


H

Half-round
A moulding with a semi-circular profile at one end and is flat on the other two sides.


Hearth
A raised platform in front of a fireplace.


Holdback
An amount of money withheld by the lender during the construction of a house to ensure that the construction is completed in a satisfactory manner at every stage.


I

I-Beam
A structural member of rolled steel whose cross sections resemble the capital letter "I".


J

Jack Truss
A shorter truss than normal that is used in building to support the end truss on a hip roof.


Jamb
An exposed upright member on each side of a window frame, door frame or door lining. The jambs in windows are outside the frame and used to support the frame to the wall.


Joist
A piece of lumber used horizontally as support for a ceiling or floor. The thickness is normally 2-6 inches and the width is 6 inches or more. Other materials are also used such as aluminum or steel, etc.


L

Lattice
Typically a diagonal network or grid strips of materials. Lattice is often used to provide privacy or as a feature in landscaping design.